Wintergreen is a shrub which can reach2 – 3 meter in height. It belongs to the Ericaceae family and its oil is extracted from its leaves through steam distillation. It is also known as varieties name dchecker berry, teaberry and gaultheria. It is native to Himalayan region and is widely distributed in the eastern and central regions of Nepal ranging from 1100 – 2800 meter. It is also widely found in Bhutan, Myanmar, Sri-Lanka and some other south Asian countries. It is used in the confectionery industry as a flavoring agent and also in the manufacture of soft drinks. It has antiseptic, diuretic, stimulant and antirheumatic properties. It is harvested from Mar-Nov. (mostly spring and autumn).
Common Name: Wintergreen
Botanical Name: Gaultheria fragrantissima
Botanical Family: Ericaceae
Cultivation: wild crafted
Extraction method: Steam Distillation
Plants part: Leaves
Local Name: Dhasingre
Aroma: Strongly aromatic with a sweet characteristics odor.
Color: Pale yellow or yellow or pinkish.
Appearance: Fluid liquid
|Specific Gravity: 1.1645-1.1821 at 250C|
|Refractive Index: 1.531-1.545 at 250C|
|Optical Rotation: (-) 1.03- (-)3.44|
|Ester Value: 295|
|Flash Point: 950 C|
|Solubility: Insoluble in water|
Chemical Family: Esters
Analgesic, Antispasmodic, Astringent, Diuretic
Methyl salicylate, δ-3-Carene,Limonene