Organic Wintergreen Essential Oil

Gaultheria fragrantissima

Gaultheria fragrantissima

Wintergreen is a shrub which can reach2 – 3 meter in height. It belongs to the Ericaceae family and its oil is extracted from its leaves through steam distillation. It is also known as varieties name dchecker berry, teaberry and gaultheria. It is native to Himalayan region and is widely distributed in the eastern and central regions of Nepal ranging from 1100 – 2800 meter. It is also widely found in Bhutan, Myanmar, Sri-Lanka and some other south Asian  countries. It is used in the confectionery industry as a flavoring agent and also in the manufacture of soft drinks. It has antiseptic, diuretic, stimulant and antirheumatic properties. It is harvested from Mar-Nov. (mostly spring and autumn).

Common Name: Wintergreen

Botanical Name: Gaultheria fragrantissima

Botanical Family: Ericaceae

Cultivation: wild crafted

Extraction method: Steam Distillation

Plants part: Leaves

Yield: 0.4-0.5%

Local Name: Dhasingre

Physical:

Aroma: Strongly aromatic with a sweet characteristics odor.

Notes: Top-middle

Color: Pale yellow or yellow or pinkish.

Appearance: Fluid liquid

Chemical:

Specific Gravity: 1.1645-1.1821 at 250C
Refractive Index: 1.531-1.545 at 250C
Optical Rotation: (-) 1.03- (-)3.44
Acid Value:1.5-5.5
Ester Value: 295
EsterValueafterAcetylating:379
Flash Point: 950 C
Solubility: Insoluble in water

Chemical Family: Esters

Therapeutic Properties:

Analgesic, Antispasmodic, Astringent, Diuretic

Methyl salicylate, δ-3-Carene,Limonene

Traditional uses:

  • Medicine: Leaves are stimulant and carminative. Juice of the leaves mixed with water is taken for cough. About 2 teaspoons of juice is given as an anthelmintic. Young leaves are also taken as an anthelmintic. Oil extracted from the leaf is applied to treat rheumatismand scabies. Immature fruits are chewed and their paste is given for stomach troubles. Juice of unripe fruits is taken to treat stomachache.
  • Food: Ripe fruits are eaten fresh and also distilled locally for making alcohol.
  • Skin care: Eczema, hair care, psoriasis.
  • Therapeutic: Poor circulation, muscle and joint discomfort, arthritis, arthrosis, rheumatism, cellulitis, cramps, gout, broken or bruised bones.
  • Nervous system: Headache, nervous tension and stress related conditions.

Other uses

  • In perfumery: Sweet, woody notes especially suitable for forest type fragrances.
  • In flavor industry used as a flavoring agent for baked goods, frozen dairy, confectionery, chewing gum and soft drinks.
  • It cosmetics it is used in skin care, skin-conditioner, shampoos and for flavouring of toothpaste.
  • In aromatherapy wintergreen oil is very effective for respiratory conditions and to enhance breathing.