Organic Zanthoxylum Essential Oil

Zanthoxylum armatum

Zanthoxylum armatum

Zanthoxylum is a shrub specially grows in the Himalayan region ranging from 1100 – 2500 meter in height. The most useful part is itsfruit (berry) from which the oil is extracted through steam distillation. Timur is used in the fragrance and flavoring industry. For medicinal purposes it works anti-infectious, sedative, and it is effective in the treatment of arthritis, cholera and toothache.

Timur is harvested from Aug-April

Common Name: Zanthoxylum

Botanical Name: Zanthoxylum armatum

Botanical Family: Rutaceae

Cultivation: wild crafted

Extraction method: Steam Distillation

Plants part: Dried fruit


Local Name: Timur


Aroma: Refreshing, pleasant, spicy

Notes: Middle

Color: Pale yellow

Appearance: Fluid liquid


Specific Gravity:0.8153-0.9050 at 250C
Refractive Index: 1.467-1.481  at 250C
Optical Rotation: 5.03-9.67 at 250C
Acid Value:0.5-4.5
Ester Value: 17.95-35
Ester Value after Acetylating:110-224
Flash Point: 530 C
Solubility: Insoluble in water

Chemical Family: Monoterpenols

Therapeutic Properties: anti-infectious, sedative, arthritis, cholera, toothache etc.

Linalool, δ-Limonene, Methyl cinnamate, trans-Linalool oxide

Traditional uses:

  • Medicine: The root is boiled in water about 20 minutes and the filtered water is taken as an anthelmintic. Branches are used for brushing teeth when suffering from a toothache. The juice of the leaves is taken to treat abdominal pain and the paste of the leaves is applied for leukoderma. Paste of immature fruits is applied to cuts and wounds. This also can be taken against coughing. About 2-3 seeds and a small clove of garlic are chewed for indigestion. The paste of the seeds is kept between the teeth about 10minutes to relieve toothaches. Crushed seeds are boiled in water and taken for fever and cough. Powdered seeds are taken to treat roundworm. The seeds can also be roasted in clarified butter and taken for stomach troubles.
  • Food: Fresh fruits are pickled and because of its blended taste of pepper and citrus it can be used as a typical spice.
  • Others: Bark and leaf are used to intoxicate fish. Paste of the fruit is mixed with water and sprayed on vegetables as an insecticide.

Aromatherapeutic uses:

  • Skin care: Insect bites, insect repellent, skin infection, wounds. Circulation, muscles and joints: Arthritis, joint and muscular pain, neuralgia, rheumatism, sprain.
  • Digestive system: Dyspepsia, colic, indigestion, nausea.
  • Nervous system: Headache, insomnia, nervous tension, migraine and stress related complaints.

Other uses:

  • As flavoring agent: Used as a flavoring agent in the confectionery industry and to flavor soft drinks.
  • In perfumery and pharmaceuticls: Used as a refreshing, pleasantfragrance in perfumery and in pharmaceutical preparations.
  • In perfumery and pharmaceuticls: Used as fragrance in perfumery industry and in the pharmaceutical preparations.